And he is also imposing his own decisions on them, and we are an agricultural country with a population of 22 million, gold, silver, copper, coal, gas, petrol, mountains, rivers, deserts, forests, four seasons and countless other blessings. They have agreed to bring it to their country.
The difference is obvious. Honest leadership and the rule of law have been imposed on us since the seventies until today. This is the reason why we have been under the shadow of regular chaos until today. There has been a lack of good leadership in the country.
Doha, the capital of Qatar today, which is currently hosting the Football World Cup, was far from the vision of a modern and wealthy country.
A century ago in the year 1922, this small Gulf state with a population of 3 million and an area of less than 12 thousand km was practically an uninhabited land.
This settlement in Qatar was a humble settlement of fishermen and pearl collectors, where the majority of the inhabitants were nomadic travelers from the vast deserts of the Arabian Peninsula.
Today, few Qataris over the age of ninety can recall the dire economic hardships of the 1930s and 1940s, when the Japanese invented pearl farming and ensured mass production of the Qatari economy. Destroyed.
In this decade, Qatar lost 30 percent of its residents who went to seek economic opportunities abroad. Ten years later, in the year 1950, according to the United Nations, there were less than 24 thousand residents left here.
However, at that time the Qatari economy was on the verge of a revolutionary turning point, it would be correct to say that it was truly saved by a miracle.
That miracle was the discovery of one of the largest oil deposits in the world.
After the year 1950, the Qatari treasury started to become rich rapidly and this proved to be the starting point for its inhabitants to join some of the richest citizens of the world.
Now that Qatar has become a global icon for its skyscrapers, luxurious artificial islands and state-of-the-art stadiums, the BBC analyzes three changes that have made the country one of the richest countries on the planet. has changed into one.
When Qatar discovered its black gold in 1939, it did not yet exist as a nation and was in the hands of the British who took control of the region in 1916.
After many years of exploration, the first deposits were discovered in the year 1939 on the west coast of the country and in Dukhan, about 80 km away from Doha, but it took a few more years to benefit from this discovery.
According to a report, this discovery took place at the beginning of the Second World War, due to which the export of oil remained stagnant until the year 1949 and the benefit of this discovery could not be immediately taken advantage of.
The export of oil opened many economic opportunities in Qatar, causing the country to rapidly transform and modernize.
The attraction of the growing oil industry attracted immigrants and investors to Qatar and thus its population began to grow.
If in the year 1950 there were less than 25 thousand inhabitants, by the year 1970 this population had increased to over one lakh.
Qatar was established as an independent state after the end of British rule.
However, during this time a new era also started which led to another discovery which created more wealth.
After Russia and Iran in the Middle East, Qatar practically has the largest gas reserves in the world.
In 1971, when explorer engineers discovered vast natural gas deposits in the North Field on Qatar’s northeast coast, few imagined its significance.
It took 14 years and dozens of drills to realize that the Northfield was the world’s largest non-associated natural gas field, containing about 10 percent of the world’s major gas reserves.
Obviously, these two countries are much larger than Qatar in terms of population and area.
Northfield covers an area of about 6,000 km which is half of the entire diameter.
Qatar Gas is the company that produces the largest amount of liquefied natural gas in the world. The development of this industry is considered a key factor in Qatar’s economic development.
Coates says that for a long time the demand was not that big and there was not much interest in developing it, although everything started to change in the 80s when the infrastructure started to be built in several phases, distributed within the country and 90. It was developed in the 1960s for export and made it a great engine of the economy.