These are words that represent people, places, things, or ideas. They can be common (e.g., “dog”) or proper (e.g., “John”).
Verbs are action words or state of being words. They express actions (e.g., “run”) or states (e.g., “is”).
These describe or modify nouns, providing more information about them (e.g., “blue car”).
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs to describe how, when, where, or to what extent something happens (e.g., “quickly”).
Words are Pronouns used in place of nouns to avoid repetition (e.g. “he,” “she,” “it”)
These show the relationship between nouns or pronouns and other words in a sentence (e.g., “in,” “on,” “under”).
Conjunctions connect words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence (e.g., “and,” “but,” “or”).
Articles (a, an, the) are used to specify or limit nouns.
English has various verb tenses, such as past, present, and future, which indicate when an action occurred.
English sentences typically follow a subject-verb-object (SVO) structure, but there are variations.
Syntax refers to the order and arrangement of words in sentences to convey meaning.
12.Direct and Indirect Speech.
These indicate how someone’s speech or thoughts are reported in writing or speech.
13.Active and Passive Voice.
These describe the way verbs are used to show the action’s doer and receiver.
Words or phrases that provide additional information in a sentence.
Group are clauses are of words with a subject and a verb. They can be independent (complete sentences) or dependent (incomplete sentences).
These are some of the key elements of English grammar, which help in constructing meaningful and grammatically correct sentences.