Karachi: The 143rd birth anniversary of Allama Iqbal, a Pakistani thinker and poet of the East, is being celebrated with national enthusiasm today.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877 in Sialkot district of Punjab. Allama Iqbal received his early education in Sialkot and matriculated from Mission High School and did his FA from Murray College Sialkot. His interest in poetry was also born here. His teacher Maulvi Mir Hassan had a big hand in promoting this hobby. After doing FA, he went to Lahore for higher studies and did BA and MA from Government College Lahore. After doing MA in 1899, Oriental College In 1905, Allama Iqbal went to the United Kingdom for higher education and obtained a law degree, from where he moved to Germany, where he earned a PhD in philosophy. Of
After returning home in 1910, Dr. Muhammad Iqbal started participating in politics along with advocacy and awakened the spirit of freedom in Muslims through his poetry. Iqbal’s intellectual message became the main reason for creating a wave of awareness among the Muslims of the subcontinent. He is a well known poet, writer, jurist, politician, Muslim Sufi and one of the most important personalities of Tehreek-e-Pakistan.
Allama Iqbal wrote poetry in Urdu and Persian and this was the reason for his popularity and his main tendency in poetry was towards Sufism and revival of the Islamic Ummah. Allama Iqbal is considered to be a modern day Sufi. The most notable work is the formation of the ideology of Pakistan which was presented by the youth while presiding over the meeting of the Muslim League in Allahabad in 1930. Allama Iqbal said in his Allahabad sermon that That is why Western-style government and democracy cannot be introduced here. Muslims in India have the right to live according to their traditions. After this, the poet of the East proposed a separate independent Islamic state comprising the Muslim-majority areas of northwestern India and said, And this ideology later became the basis of the establishment of Pakistan. That is why Allama Iqbal is considered the ideological creator of Pakistan.
Allama Iqbal became a member of the Central Parliamentary Board of the Muslim League in 1934, but his health did not support him and he met his real creator in Lahore on April 21, 1938, nine years before the establishment of Pakistan.
His Urdu collection of words includes “Bang-e-Dara”, “Bal Jibril”, “Zarb-e-Kaleem” and other words, while in Persian “Israr Khodi”, “Ramuz Be Khodi”, Payam. He has written many books, including Mashreq. Many of his books have been translated into English, German, French, Chinese, Japanese and other languages, which are appreciated by people abroad. without exageration, Allama Iqbal is considered as a great thinker.